In January, the U. More: 5 security mistakes you're probably making. If your laptop or desktop has a built-in webcam, be sure to have good computer security software installed which you should have anyway, of course.
A strong security suite includes antivirus, anti-spyware, a firewall, and other tools to keep the bad guys from getting in. Many webcam hackers use Trojan horse malware to secretly install and run remote desktop software without your knowledge.
Some web browsers also notify you if your webcam is being activated and you may be prompted to agree. Be sure your wireless network has strong security settings and a good password — not the default one that came with the router — to prevent outsiders from accessing your Wi-Fi network without your consent.
Most will have a small light illuminate when activated. More: Virgin Media hack risk is a wake-up call to check your router. More: How to keep hackers out of your router. More: Hackers hid malware in CCleaner, a free app meant to clean out computers. If you find something, immediately uninstall it and bring it to a trusted source. On a related note, be cautious about where you solicit remote tech support.
More: Web-connected medical devices are great. More: Time to do a minute cybersecurity makeover. The navigation could not be loaded.On your path to improving your digital security, you may encounter bad actors who attempt to undermine your security goals.
We call these bad actors adversaries. A phishing attack usually comes in the form of a message meant to convince you to:. Phishing attacks can trick you into giving up your passwords or trick you into installing malware on your device. Attackers can use malware to remotely control your device, steal information, or spy on you. This guide will help you to identify phishing attacks when you see them and outline some practical ways to help defend against them. Phishers can trick you into giving them your passwords by sending you a deceptive link.
What is a Sniffer, and How Can I Protect Against Sniffing?
Web addresses in a message may appear to have one destination, but lead to another. On your computer, you can usually see the destination URL by hovering over the link. But links can be further disguised with lookalike letters, or by using domain names that are one letter off from legitimate domain names and may direct you to a webpage that appears to go to a service that you use, such as Gmail or Dropbox.
If you do, you will send your login credentials to the attackers. Remember that seeing a corporate logo on the page doesn't confirm it's real. Anybody can copy a logo or design onto their own page to try and trick you.
Many people use URL shorteners to make long URLs easier to read or type, but these can be used to hide malicious destinations. If you receive a shortened URL like a t. Remember, it's easy to forge emails so that they display a false return address. This means that checking the apparent email address of the sender isn't enough to confirm that an email was really sent by the person it appears to be from.
Most phishing attacks cast a wide net. An attacker might send emails to hundreds or thousands of people claiming to have an exciting video, important document, or billing dispute. But sometimes phishing attacks are targeted based on something the attacker already knows about an individual. Since Boris actually has kids and it looks like it is from his address, you open it.
When you open the email, there is a PDF document attached to it. Uncle Boris didn't send that email, but someone who knows you have an Uncle Boris and that he has children did. The PDF document that you clicked on started up your PDF reader, but took advantage of a bug in that software to run its own code.
In addition to showing you a PDF, it also downloaded malware onto your computer. That malware could retrieve your contacts and record what your device's camera and microphone sees and hears. The best way to protect yourself from phishing attacks is to never click on any links or open any attachments.
But this advice is unrealistic for most people. Below are some practical ways to defend against phishing.Get it for AndroidiOSMac. Get it for MacPCAndroid. In many cases, administrators use sniffing tools to maintain a steady flow of traffic through their networks. They can detect bandwidth hogs, such as anyone making heavy use of file-sharing programs, and then take appropriate action.
These devious little programs go by a variety of names — network probes, wireless sniffers, Ethernet sniffers, packet sniffers, packet analyzers — but no matter what you call them, they all get up to the same mischief: eavesdropping on you.
On the internet, each car is a packet, and the people inside are the data it carries. Some sniffers are available as hardware appliances, often built directly into network devices such as routers for convenient management. But in most cases, people opt for sniffing software over hardware. When first created, sniffers were and can still be very helpful tools for engineers to manage their networks. Because they allow administrators to view all the traffic on a network, they can be used to diagnose issues and assess performance.
How do network admins use sniffing software? In most situations, your computer will only investigate packets that have been specifically addressed to it. This is how your computer treats most packets of data: It ignores the ones going along the network to other destinations while inspecting the packets that are sent to it.
Rather than answering the door only when someone comes to visit, the sniffer is glued to the window, watching all the cars as they drive by. Our window sniffer might obsessively monitor every car, or they might choose to investigate only trucks, or red cars, or cars with at least three occupants, or maybe just motorcycles.
Sniffers are essentially the same thing, but for the internet. System admins: Network sniffers are amazing troubleshooting tools. Employers: IT technicians at a corporate office may use sniffers to monitor their employees while at work. Security professionals: Unusual traffic amounts or types can indicate that everything is not as it seems. Security teams can identify atypical internet usage patterns that may indicate the presence of a hacker or malware.
Speaking of which Cybercriminals can tap into a network and help themselves to all the traffic sent through it. By monitoring internet use, including emails and instant messages, a hacker may be able to access login credentials, insider information, and financial details.
Cybercriminals will use social engineering tricks or phishing scams to fool their victims into downloading their sniffers. They may steer targets to infected websites that automatically download the sniffer when visited, or send emails with attachments that can install the malicious software. Alternatively, hackers can sniff unsecured public Wi-Fi networks, ensnaring the traffic of anyone who uses them.
There are two main types of sniffing techniques: passive and active sniffing. The type of sniffing technique used depends on the structure of the network one is trying to sniff. Passive sniffing works with hubs, but if switches are involved, active sniffing is required.
Hubs are simple networking devices that connect several devices together into a single network. This makes passive sniffing very difficult to detect. Not impossible, but difficult.The threat of having your phone hacked has become a common and rational fear. The cold hard truth is that it is now possible to hack any phone. With the advancement of technology, where discovery of knowledge and information advances the understanding of technology, hackers are able to hack even some of the most sophisticated phone software.
But how? Did you know that hacking software for Android and other mobile devices exists? And did you know there are countless hacking software options online for free?
Hacking software is a method used by hackers to get information from a phone. Check out our Mobile Threat Report to dig deeper. The serious hackers can buy hacking software anywhere, such as a phone Spy App, which must be installed on the target phone.
List of Types of Malware
Not all hackers need to handle a phone physically in order to install hacking software, but in some cases they must. This type of software can be utilized by accessing the phone physically. Trojan is a type of malware that can be disguised in your phone to extract important data, such as credit card account details or personal information.
To install Trojan Malware, hackers use techniques like phishing to influence you into the trap. Phishing is a method used by hackers where they impersonate a company or trusted individual in order to gain confidential data. Hackers use this method by sending official-looking codes, images, and messages, most commonly found in email and text messages.
When this malicious content is clicked on, the URLs can hack your phone because the link has been infected with a hacking virus or software that can take your personal information. In order to be able to hack using only a phone number, you must know and understand the technicalities of phone hacking.
SS7 signaling is the system used to connect cell phone networks to one another, but in order to use this system as a method of hacking phones, one must have access to it. Recording calls, forwarding calls, reading messages, and finding locations of a particular device can be done with access to the SS7 system. Although, due to the level of difficulty, it is unlikely that the average person would be able to hack a phone in this manner.
SIM card swapping is performed when the hacker contacts your phone provider, pretends to be you, and then asks for a replacement SIM card. Once the provider sends the new SIM to the hacker, the old SIM card will be deactivated, and your phone number will be stolen. This means the hacker has taken over your phone calls, messages, etc. This method of hacking is relatively easy if the hacker can convince the provider that they are you. Keeping personal details to yourself is an important part of ensuring that hackers cannot pretend to be you.
AdaptiveMobile Security discovered a new way hackers were getting into phones using the SIM card—a method they call Simjacker. This way of hacking is more complex than phishing as it targets a SIM card by sending a signal to the target device. If the message is opened and clicked on, hackers are able to spy on the hacked device and even find out the location of the device.
Professional hackers can use special software products to search for vulnerable mobile devices with an operating Bluetooth connection. These types of hacks are done when a hacker is in range of your phone, usually in a populated area. When hackers are connected to your Bluetooth, they have access to all of the information available and the internet connection to access the web, but the data must be downloaded while the phone is within range.
There are many different ways a hacker can get into your phone and steal personal and critical information. Here are a few tips to ensure that you are not a victim of phone hacking:.
If you have been away from your phone around a group of strangers and are concerned about possible hacking, check your settings and look for strange apps. Encrypting your cell phone can save you from being hacked and can protect your calls, messages, and critical information.
Android users have automatic encryption depending on the type of phone.Since the earliest days of the internet, sketchy porn sites and viruses have gone hand in hand. But a new report by the cybersecurity firm Kaspersky Lab shows that hackers are using a cheeky new way of spreading malware.
In short, they're using porn as a trap, in the hopes that horny web-browsers will stumble into a pit of viruses with one click. Kaspersky's investigation shows that the risks are different depending on how you're browsing for porn. Macs don't get as many viruses as PCs, but users are still vulnerable to phishing and other exploits. Android phones are susceptible to sketchy applications, and PCs are always at risk of getting malware.
Users on pretty much every device are in danger, but the risks are not unavoidable. To help you browse in peace and safety, here's what to watch out for. Funnily enough, Kaspersky notes that one of the most common hacks plaguing porn browsers is theft of online porn credentials themselves.
If you're a conscientious porn browser, you should probably be paying for at least some of your pornbut there will always be a market for people who want it for free, or cheaper. Hackers will often use phishing, malware, or other ways to steal users' login info to paid porn sites like Brazzers, NaughtyAmerica, Pornhub Premium, and others, and then re-sell that info at a discount on the dark net.
If you're paying for a premium account to one of those sites, be on the lookout for scams or popups that ask for your login information, and change your password frequently. Kaspersky notes that it saw more than 5, sales of hacked premium accounts during its research on dark net websites.
Related: Who Still Pays for Porn? If this sounds like you, you could be at risk. Phishing is one of the most common cyber attacks on the net. In a phishing attempt, a user is presented with a fake opportunity to voluntarily enter personal details, like emails, passwords, or credit card numbers.
This can come in the form of a pop-up from a site or a fraudulent email that pretends to be from your bank, asking you to log in again. Malware is the classic "computer virus," a sinister program that runs on your computer, usually without your noticing, that harms you in some way. You can get it by downloading a bad application on a computer or phone. Phishing schemes also like to pretend to be free services, like dating websites, that ask you to enter your credit card details onto the site to "prove your identity.
Some popups also pose as system alerts from virus software, prompting you to enter login information to "scan your computer. Kaspersky's memo notes that hackers often disguise phishing attempts as updates to Adobe Flash player, which tricks people into downloading an "update file" that is actually a piece of malware. Malware can do anything from use your computer as a click-bot to secretly click on a bunch of online ads, or log keyboard presses to steal important info like passwords and card numbers.
Phishing is pretty simple to avoid: don't click. If you do click, or if you get an email or a pop-up ad, don't enter any information. Just exit out. Don't call any phone numbers, and don't download any software updates. Stopping malware on porn sites is usually an exercise in discipline as well.How to Prevent Malware
Don't click the side-banner ads and pop ups, and don't agree to download any software from any website you encounter during a private-time internet session. Malware on phones can also come from apps, so don't download any app that an ad on a porn site prompts you to download.
For most browsers — like Google Chrome — Flash player is built-in, so you shouldn't have to worry about updating it. If you're concerned about Flash Player, go to Adobe's official site and check for an update.
Kaspersky sums up why hackers are still targeting porn users: "The difference is that, in general, victims of porn malware, especially the most severe scareware types of it, are unlikely to report the crime to anyone, because they would have to admit they were looking for or watching porn. It happens. But you still need to address the problem. Kaspersky also offers three suggestions for staying safe: use only trusted websites; don't download applications from unknown sources; and don't buy hacked accounts to porn sites the ones for sale on the dark net.
Go forth, and watch porn safely.Malware is a piece of bad news wrapped up in software. To combat cyber threats in an enterprise, you need a solid foundation of important topics like what malware is, how it spreads, and all its variants that lurk out there in the wild.
Malware definition is simply a malicious code. It is a software that is developed with malicious intent, or whose effect is malicious. While the effects of such computer viruses often are harmful to users, they are devastating for companies. As you can imagine, the history of malware goes a long way.
Here is a quick look at some of the common malware terms and abbreviations that you will see when discussing computer viruses. A situation where the attacker gets escalated access to the restricted data. Evasion: Evasion is another type of malware attack.
The techniques malware maker design to avoid detection and analysis of their malware by security systems. Blended threat: A malware package that combines the characteristics of multiple kinds of the malicious program like Trojans, viruses worms, seeking to exploit more than one system vulnerability.
Botnets are used to perform distributed denial of service attacks, send spam, and steal data. It can be used to perform malicious tasks. Running into the word that starts with mal is a literal sign that something is bad.
In general, most experts view the term malware as a contraction of two words — malicious software. A study had Trojan horses amount to This is a number that has clearly gone up. The primary characteristic that a piece of software must possess to qualify as a virus is an urge to reproduce that is programmed into it. This mechanism means that this type of malware will distribute copies of itself, using any means to spread. They hide within computer files, and the computer must run that file execute that code, in other words for a virus to do its dirty functions.
A virus can infect a system as a resident virus by installing itself as part of the operating system. Many viruses sneak up into ordinary executable files like. EXE and. COM in order to up their chances of being run by a user.
Programs including batch files and script files like. VB, and.
How to Prevent Malware with Jetpack
SCR extension is susceptible. These kinds of viruses are the ones that run inside specific application files that allow macro programs in order to extend the capabilities of a given software. The second of the two kinds of infectious malware. A worm is a standalone software that replicates without targeting and infecting specific files that are already present on a computer.
They usually target the operating system files and work until the drive they are in becomes empty. Basically, whereas viruses add themselves inside existing files, worms carry themselves in their own containers. Computer worms usually show up via email and instant messages. They use a computer network to spread. A Trojan is a malicious program that misrepresents itself to appear as a legitimate program.
Trojan horse payload is usually a backdoor that allows attackers to gain access to the infected computer. Trojans also give cybercriminals access to the personal information of a user like IP addresses, passwords and banking details.Sensitive information, such as bank details, private conversations and intimate photographs, is exposed or leaked daily.
With new data breaches and hacks emerging around the world, individuals, companies and governments have become more vigilant about cybersecurity. You may be wondering if the threat of being hacked is something you have to worry about. You may have heard of the many ways hackers can steal your information. Such frightening stories can easily make us paranoid. Some of the common techniques hackers use:. On the other hand, it always pays to be sensibly cautious about the information we download or share online.
It is wise to take security measures and ask questions about how you can protect yourself online. On the other hand, what happens when you go offline? Is it possible to hack a computer that is turned off? In this article, we will answer that question and give you some tips on how you can protect yourself from hacking. People in the tech industry have been divided on whether hacking without Internet is possible. Can a hacker access a computer that is turned off?
Tech experts say that it is unlikely but still doable. In the world of technology, there are no black-and-white answers. In this scenario, there are factors that may or may not make it possible to hack a computer that is turned off. Generally speaking, hacking a turned-off computer is not possible in a home environment.
However, it may happen in shared networks such as an office environment. There are features that allow you to remotely turn on and boot a computer. Basically in this scenario, if you do not completely turn off the network adapter for the computer, the unit can receive specific instructions on waking up.
Without appropriate security software installed, such as anti-malware tools like Auslogics Anti-Malwareit is possible for hackers to access the computer remotely even if it is turned off. When you connect to a public network, can someone hack into your computer through Wi-Fi and turn on remote access?
This is possible if you do not take preventive measures in securing your computer from threats. Here are some ways you can protect yourself online:. Once someone successfully hacks into your computer, it may be too late for you to protect your sensitive information.